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Purchase Subscription prices and ordering Short-term Access To purchase short term access, please sign in to your Oxford Academic account above. This article is also available for rental through DeepDyve. View Metrics. Email alerts New issue alert. Advance article alerts. Article activity alert. Receive exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic. Related articles in Google Scholar. Citing articles via Google Scholar. View on jpf. On 11 March , as people watched the images of the tsunami sweep across everything in its path, one of the most memorable sights was of the destruction inflicted upon Sendai Airport.
There were also some images of some railway lines There were also some images of some railway lines that had been seemingly swept away. To do this, most would use planes and the shinkansen. This paper will look at the impact that the disaster had on the inter-city public transportation system and what has happened subsequently. Disaster Studies , Transportation Studies , and Symbolism. But it is not just the shinkansen network that has been expanding as there has been an increase in the number of airports around the country too. While arguably the biggest change to the railway operations came in with the break-up of Japan National Railways JNR which created companies that can focus more on the regions they serve.
Recent improvements in rolling stock can be seen as one result of this.
Shinkansen : From Bullet Train to Symbol of Modern Japan (Contemporary Japan) [Hardcover]
In aviation, some of the most significant changes have been much more recent with the bankruptcy of Japan Airlines JAL in and the introduction of Low Cost Carriers LCC that started operations in With the population of Japan in decline, one has to wonder to what degree further expansion of the shinkansen network is necessary or viable and what future there can be for both legacy airlines and LCCs.
This paper will argue that while there are likely to be changes in usage and services, for the railway and airline companies themselves the outlook is likely to be positive. However, the impact on many municipalities and regions around Japan could be more uncertain and this paper will argue that it is probable that the continued developments in the intercity transportation market are likely to accelerate population decline in rural areas.
Shinkansen: More Than Just a Train more. By the time the search and rescue teams By the time the search and rescue teams reached the site some 15 hours later, all but 4 of the passengers and crew were dead. Over the following days the media covered the news of events from the crash site and Fujioka, where families tried to identify loved ones.
Shinkansen: from bullet train to low-flying plane
Notes written by some of those on board which were found highlighted the torment of the conditions inside the plane. Every year the media continues to report on the anniversary events held in the village where the plane crashed. In the years that followed the official investigation there have been numerous books, documentaries, novels and films that have discussed the crash. In addition there were options to travel by sea. With the advent of The airline industry was also taking off in Japan, meaning that there were four forms of transport battling for the passenger and freight market between the major cities.
Generally road and sea transport has been limited to specialist markets such as over-night bus transport and freight due to a variety of problems associated with both forms of transport.
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Consequently it has been air travel and the railways that have fought for the bulk of the huge passenger market in Japan. This paper will consider why the transport market has grown in the way that it has in Japan and look at the way in which the airline and railway companies have competed. In doing so, the paper will highlight how opportunities for a highly developed integrated transported system were missed due to the turf wars within the Ministry of Transport, which further increased the competition between the planes and trains.
The paper will conclude by considering some of the key issues likely to face this market in the coming years. This paper considers two very different forests; Aokigahara and Osutaka-no-One. There are no memorials. Nobody knows the time and date of when these people died. Some bodies are not found for many days, weeks, years or ever. How can such a place exist in a country where memorialization has so many rituals?
Why do so many go to Aokigahara to commit suicide? These are just some of the questions that this paper will address, whilst using the memorialization at another forest, that found at Osutaka-no-One where JAL flight JL crashed in , to highlight the differences with Aokigahara. Disaster in Japan: Creation and Re-creation more.
Shinkansen :from bullet train to symbol of modern Japan /Christopher P. Hood. – National Library
On 11 March world attention turned to Japan as the country was hit by a huge earthquake and subsequent tsunami. Whilst most buildings withstood the initial quake, there appeared to be little to stop the devastation of the tsunami Whilst most buildings withstood the initial quake, there appeared to be little to stop the devastation of the tsunami.
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The damage to this plant led to power failure, damage and ultimately significant radiation discharge. Was this disaster created by the Japanese themselves?
This paper will primarily focus upon another disaster to look at the way in which a tragedy becomes a disaster. But what created this disaster? Over 26 years have now passed since the crash so how is it remembered today? This paper argues that it is these outputs which are likely to mould how society continues to remember the events of In particular the paper will focus upon the two novels and their dramatizations in looking at the way in which the story of what happened in may have shifted. Are they accurate? What influence could they have in how Japan responds to other events?
On 11 March Japan was hit by a major earthquake and tsunami. Perhaps this is not surprising in a world so-much connected by the internet and smartphones. But what role can such devices play in the memory of historical disasters? It will particularly consider why people use sites such as YouTube and Wikipedia and what their influence on history may be.
A new political party, a splinter group from the ruling Democratic Party of Japan, has even adopted the word as its name. Its high usage in But this event was not the first time that the significance of kizuna have been seen in Japan following a disaster. This paper will look at the significance of the links between risk and risk assessment, tragedies and disasters in Japan. It will then go on to consider the way in which kizuna may play a critical part in the way communities recover and rebuild, particularly through the efforts of volunteers.
But the significance of the kizuna between the living and the dead cannot be overlooked and the paper will look at the way the bereaved are cared for and the issues that they face, which if not properly addressed can lead to psychological problems and suicide. As well as the Great East Japan Earthquake of , the paper will look at other events, particularly the JAL flight JL crash, the Great Hanshin Earthquake and the Fukuchiyama Line derailment, to help illustrate and discuss the various issues.
Some passengers began writing final messages to loved ones.
The pilot announced to Air Traffic Control that the plane was uncontrollable. When rescue teams reached the crash site over 15 hours later, all but 4 people were dead.